Geography of Anguilla

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Anguilla
Map of Anguilla
Continent North America
Subregion Caribbean
Geographic coordinates 18°15′N 63°10′W / 18.250°N 63.167°W / 18.250; -63.167
Area
 - Total
 - Water
Ranked 227th
91 km²
0 km
Coastline 61 km
Land boundaries 0 km
Highest point Crocus Hill, 73 m
Lowest point Caribbean Sea, 0 m
Largest inland body of water Road Bay Pond
Land Use
 - Arable land
 - Permanent crops
 - Other

0 %
0 %
100 % (2012 est.)
Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds
Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone
Natural resources salt, fish, lobster
Natural hazards hurricanes, tropical storms (June to November)
Environmental issues low water supplies

Anguilla is an island in the Leeward Islands. It has numerous bays, including Barnes, Little, Rendezvous, Shoal, and Road Bays.

Statistics[edit]

Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, east of Puerto Rico

Geographic coordinates: 18°15′ N, 63°10′ W

Map references: Central America and the Caribbean

Area:

  • total: 91 km2 (35 sq mi)
  • land: 91 km2 (35 sq mi)
  • water: 0 km2 (0 sq mi)

Area – comparative: about half the size of Washington, D.C.

Coastline: 61 km

Maritime claims:

  • exclusive fishing zone: 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi)
  • territorial sea: 3 nmi (5.6 km; 3.5 mi)

Climate: tropical moderated by northeast trade winds

Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral and limestone

Elevation extremes:

  • lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
  • highest point: Crocus Hill 73 m

Natural resources: salt, fish, lobster

Land use:

  • arable land: 0%
  • permanent crops: 0%
  • permanent pastures: 0%
  • forests and woodland: 61.1%
  • other: 38.9% (mostly rock with some commercial salt ponds)

Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other tropical storms (July to October)

Environment – current issues: supplies of potable water sometimes cannot meet increasing demand largely because of poor distribution system.

Islands and cays[edit]

Anguilla islands and cays

The territory of Anguilla consists of the island of Anguilla itself (by far the largest), as well as numerous other islands and cays, most of which are very small and uninhabited. These include:

Districts[edit]

Anguilla is divided into fourteen districts:

District Population (2011)[1]
Blowing Point 870
East End 671
George Hill 879
Island Harbour 988
North Hill 464
North Side 1980
Sandy Ground 230
Sandy Hill 636
South Hill 1722
Stoney Ground 1549
The Farrington 624
The Quarter 959
The Valley 1067
West End 813

Climate[edit]

Anguilla features a tropical wet and dry climate under the Köppen climate classification. The island has a rather dry climate, moderated by northeast trade winds. Temperatures vary little throughout the year. Average daily maxima range from about 27 °C (80.6 °F) in December to 30 °C (86 °F) in July. Rainfall is erratic, averaging about 900 mm (35.4 in) per year, the wettest months being September and October, and the driest February and March. Anguilla is vulnerable to hurricanes from June to November, peak season August to mid-October. The island suffered damage in 1995 from Hurricane Luis.

Climate data for The Valley - capital of Anguilla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
26
(79)
27
(81)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
26
(79)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 7
(2.8)
4
(1.6)
4
(1.6)
7
(2.8)
9
(3.5)
7
(2.8)
8
(3.1)
11
(4.3)
11
(4.3)
9
(3.5)
11
(4.3)
9
(3.5)
102
(40)
Source: Weatherbase[2]

Vegetation[edit]

Anguilla's coral and limestone terrain provide no subsistence possibilities for forests, woodland, pastures, crops, or arable lands. Its dry climate and thin soil hamper commercial agricultural development.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Districts of Anguilla". Archived from the original on 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2015-03-23.
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for The Valley".

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/.

External links[edit]